Merida Yucatan Mexico Information-Travel Guide

Henequen Hacienda Photo Tour

 

 


In the early days of the Yucatan haciendas, sugar cane, tobacco and cotton were the main crops of the haciendas. In the mid eighteen hundreds, the Yucatan "Gold Rush" began. A native plant to the Yucatan, called Henequen, was discovered to contain fibers surpassing those obtained from hemp. Since there was an overwhelming worldwide demand of such fiber, mainly for rope, but also for the production of yarn, sacks, and ship sails, thus henequen became the new crop of the Yucatan. 


 

 


More than 1200 haciendas operated at the height of the era and the city of Merida flourished with a grand colonial mansion construction effort. Merida was deemed the 'White City' because of its grander and beauty. Merida became one of the wealthiest cities per capita in the world, a title it still holds today, despite the downfall of the henequen industry.  


 

 


Today in the Yucatan, Haciendas are being resurrected back to their once great stature. Yucatan Henequen Haciendas are now being converted to museums, hotels, restaurants and even private homes. Also now due to a new demand for natural fibers, some Yucatan haciendas are entering back into the production of henequen. 


 

 

 

 

 


Many beautiful products are hand made here in Merida and sold locally and internationally. With a visit to the Sunday market in the center of Merida you will find craft vendors selling many unique items from hats, handbags, clothing, hammocks, and many more crafts constructed from Henequen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Merida Yucatan Mexico Henequen Hacienda Photo Tour - Travel Merida Vacation and Travel Guide

 

 

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